Maternity grant and maternity package
- A mother-to-be can choose between a maternity package and 140 euro cash benefit for maternity grant.
- The maternity grant can be awarded to a mother-to-be and adoptive mother who are covered by the Finnish social security system.
- The mother is awarded the grant
- after 154 days of pregnancy (about 5 months) and
- the mother has been to a doctor or a maternity and child welfare clinic for a health check-up before the end of her 4th month of pregnancy.
- Families with multiple births are awarded an increased grant – for twins 3, triplets 6 and so forth maternity grants; for instance, if the family is expecting twins, they can choose two maternity packages and one cash benefit.
- Maternity grant is applied either online or by submitting the application to Kela office at the latest 2 months before the due date.
- Maternity leave (in total 105 weekdays) begins at the earliest 50 and at the latest 30 weekdays before the due date.
- From Monday to Saturday excluding public holidays.
- The mother has the right to choose when she begins her leave.
- Employer needs to be informed at the latest 2 months prior the beginning of maternity leave.
- Maternity leave is based on Employment Contracts Act.
- The mother is entitled to the maternity allowance if
- she has been covered by the Finnish social security system a minimum of 180 days immediately prior to the baby’s due date (time spent in other EU/EEA countries, Switzerland or Israel may count towards the requirement).
- minimum of 154 days into pregnancy
- maternity allowance is applied at the latest 2 months before the due date from Kela.
- Maternity leave is paid for a total of 105 working days (approximately 4 months), from Monday to Saturday excluding public holidays.
- Salary may be paid or not paid on maternity leave
- if not paid, Kela pays maternity allowance for the leave period.
- If paid, Kela pays the allowance to the employer.
- If the mother works during her maternity leave or studies full time and receives a study grant, she is then paid the minimum maternity allowance
- she can work on Sundays and other public holidays
- if the mother is paid a special maternity allowance, she cannot study or work with the exception of Sundays
- If the mother falls ill and cannot look after the baby, the maternity allowance can be paid to the father as parental allowance.
- If the baby is born prematurely, maternity allowance is paid as of the weekday following the baby’s birthday and the parental allowance is paid for a longer period, respectively.
Special maternity allowance
- A mother can be granted special maternity allowance
- if the mother is exposed to chemical substances, radiation or an infectious disease
- if exposure cannot be prevented
- if employer cannot reassign the mother for the duration of the pregnancy.
- Special maternity allowance does not reduce the regular maternity allowance.
- Special maternity allowance is paid until the maternity allowance period begins.
References and other links